Gardening is the activity of planting and caring of the garden. It is one of the most relaxing and enjoyable hobby. Garden is a plot of land on which fruits, vegetables or flowers are grown. Sometimes fruits, vegetables and flowers are cultivated together.
There are different kinds of gardens. Outdoor gardens are grown around the houses in the open. Indoor and green house gardens are grown inside where they grow in less sunshine. Medicinal gardens are grown where plants are cultivated for medicinal purpose.
Soil & climatic condition for Gardening.
For different types of fruits, vegetables and flowers you need the soil and climatic conditions that suits the plants. For better yield and to make the soil more fertile, fish fertilizer is very beneficial. Fruits like banana, mango, and papaya cannot be cultivated or grown in low temperature places. They cannot tolerate low temperature and frost. Apples and cherry are grown in cold temperature areas. It is very important to have the knowledge of cultivating plants according to the season and soil suitable for them.
Everything that is cultivated needs light, air, water and food. To have a good garden and to be a successful gardener, one should know these things. Choose a place for the garden that has good fertile soil and light. The soil should be made loose by digging, so that air can get in to it. Manure, fertilizer or any other plant food should be added to the soil. To make the soil fine one should make it to get rid of stones and weeds. The best way to make improvement of the poor soil if there is more sand or clay in it is to add organic matter in it. Combination of top soil and peat moss or compost can be added to make the soil fertile. Control harmful insects and plant diseases by spraying pesticides.
After the garden has been planted, the most important is to water it according to the requirement of the plants. When too little water is provided, plants are unable to thrive or develop properly. They become more susceptible to damage from pest. Too much water is equally bad for the plants as it leads the plants to rot. In the same way too much fertilizer, especially too much of chemical fertilizer can damage the plants. The roots get burned.
How & where we grow a garden?
Many people have kitchen garden where they grow vegetables, fruits and herbs for delicious and healthy meals. It is very exciting thing about growing a garden of your own and using the fruits and vegetables from the garden instead of the market. Best location for a kitchen garden is a sunny spot or a close one and where the soil drains well. To make the soil more fertile in the kitchen garden it is good to use fish fertilizer as it is an organic fertilizer and good for the health and the environment. Sketch out a garden plan of what will be planted where, when and how. For this one should have knowledge of various edible crops and what is important for them in terms of space, soil fertility, soil temperature and water. Fruits and vegetables grow mostly of water. So make sure your plants are getting enough water.
Indoor green house gardening is a process to extend the life span of the plants by growing the plants indoor in an extreme weather. By this process the off-season plants are grown with early seeding growth. A green house can be called as a glass house and its structure vary from small sheds to industrial sized buildings. There are different types of covering materials such as glass or plastic. Energy from the sun passes through the glass or plastic as rays of light. This energy is absorbed by the plants and soil in the green house. Proper fertilization of green house crops is essential for producing high quality plants. Applying fertilizer in a liquid form with the help of a fertilizer injector is more convenient than applying dry fertilizer and thus liquid fish fertilizer is very helpful in green house gardening.
In many places people have indoor gardens. The plant that needs less sun light and heat can be planted indoor. Indoor plants are grown in pots or containers. Here the gardener has to be very careful in maintaining the plants in a healthy condition. It should be watered according to the need as indoor plants do not get direct sunlight. Sometimes the gardener has to take the planted pots to the sunlight for photo synthesis.
Roof gardens are gardens which are on top of the roofs of building or houses. It is mostly found in urban areas. It reduces the heat absorption of the building and makes the environment cool. It looks beautiful. Those who do not have a backyard space and are garden lovers go for roof garden. Only certain plants can be grown on roofs such as different kinds of herbs and some flowering plants. Small plants can be grown on roofs in container and pots.
Gardening gives a pleasure and makes you happy. Even if there is a little bit of physical labor it does not matters for the garden lovers as it gives joy when you see the seed germinates, grows and gives fruits, vegetables and flowers.